End Conscription Campaign (ECC) | South African History Online The ECC put pressure on the conscription system and in the end made it impossible for the state to enforce.  In addition it helped foment divisions in the broader White community. Its mere existence so exasperated the state that millions of rands were diverted in a bid to snuff it out. In the end it contributed to bringing down apartheid.

End Conscription Campaign (ECC) | South African History Online The ECC put pressure on the conscription system and in the end made it impossible for the state to enforce. In addition it helped foment divisions in the broader White community. Its mere existence so exasperated the state that millions of rands were diverted in a bid to snuff it out. In the end it contributed to bringing down apartheid.

End Conscription Campaign (ECC) | South African History Online In 1989 in response to a national defiance campaign the ECC "unbanned" itself and resumed business. Soon after conscription, was cut from two years to one and after 1990 it was effectively phased out, officially ending in 1993.

End Conscription Campaign (ECC) | South African History Online In 1989 in response to a national defiance campaign the ECC "unbanned" itself and resumed business. Soon after conscription, was cut from two years to one and after 1990 it was effectively phased out, officially ending in 1993.

End Conscription Campaign (ECC) | South African History Online In August 1988 the ECC became the first white organisation in more than 20 years to be outlawed by the Apartheid regime. The ECC was banned under the emergency regulations in 1988 and some of its members served with restriction orders, with the then Law and Order Minister, Adriaan Vlok, declaring that the ECC was part of the "revolutionary onslaught against South Africa".

End Conscription Campaign (ECC) | South African History Online In August 1988 the ECC became the first white organisation in more than 20 years to be outlawed by the Apartheid regime. The ECC was banned under the emergency regulations in 1988 and some of its members served with restriction orders, with the then Law and Order Minister, Adriaan Vlok, declaring that the ECC was part of the "revolutionary onslaught against South Africa".

End Conscription Campaign (ECC) | South African History Online In 1988, the movement went national with 143 objectors signing up and in 1989 the number had risen to 771, several of them SADF officers. The register of objectors soon passed the 1 000 mark -- far too many for the state to charge (although three objectors were jailed during this period).

End Conscription Campaign (ECC) | South African History Online In 1988, the movement went national with 143 objectors signing up and in 1989 the number had risen to 771, several of them SADF officers. The register of objectors soon passed the 1 000 mark -- far too many for the state to charge (although three objectors were jailed during this period).

End Conscription Campaign (ECC) | South African History Online Charles Bester, who runs a guesthouse in Plettenberg Bay, was the youngest objector to be jailed. He was just out of school when he was handed a six-year sentence. He served 20 months.  Janet Cherry, who set up and chaired the Port Elizabeth ECC branch, was detained in 1985; from 1986 to 1987; and again in 1988 before being put under house arrest in 1989.

End Conscription Campaign (ECC) | South African History Online Charles Bester, who runs a guesthouse in Plettenberg Bay, was the youngest objector to be jailed. He was just out of school when he was handed a six-year sentence. He served 20 months. Janet Cherry, who set up and chaired the Port Elizabeth ECC branch, was detained in 1985; from 1986 to 1987; and again in 1988 before being put under house arrest in 1989.

End Conscription Campaign (ECC) | South African History Online Saul Batzofin served nine months of a 21-month sentence. He's now an IT programme manager in London.  The late Dr Ivan Toms served nine months of a 21-month sentence imposed in 1988. In 2002, he became Cape Town's director of health, where he led the battle against TB and HIV/Aids. He died in March last year.

End Conscription Campaign (ECC) | South African History Online Saul Batzofin served nine months of a 21-month sentence. He's now an IT programme manager in London. The late Dr Ivan Toms served nine months of a 21-month sentence imposed in 1988. In 2002, he became Cape Town's director of health, where he led the battle against TB and HIV/Aids. He died in March last year.

End Conscription Campaign (ECC) | South African History Online This prompted a new and even more potent form of resistance. In 1987 a group of 23 Cape-based conscripts publicly refused to obey their call-ups, beginning a new thrust that challenged state power directly.  David Bruce, now a researcher at the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation in Johannesburg, was sentenced to six years in 1988. He was released on appeal in 1990.

End Conscription Campaign (ECC) | South African History Online This prompted a new and even more potent form of resistance. In 1987 a group of 23 Cape-based conscripts publicly refused to obey their call-ups, beginning a new thrust that challenged state power directly. David Bruce, now a researcher at the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation in Johannesburg, was sentenced to six years in 1988. He was released on appeal in 1990.

End Conscription Campaign (ECC) | South African History Online The high point came between 1984 and 1986. In September, 1985, its Troops Out of the Township campaign, spearheaded by a three-week fast by three ECC activists, attracted thousands to its rallies, and its publicity material, including posters with slogans like "Wat soek jy in die townships troepie?" (What are you doing in the townships soldier?), clearly had an impact.

End Conscription Campaign (ECC) | South African History Online The high point came between 1984 and 1986. In September, 1985, its Troops Out of the Township campaign, spearheaded by a three-week fast by three ECC activists, attracted thousands to its rallies, and its publicity material, including posters with slogans like "Wat soek jy in die townships troepie?" (What are you doing in the townships soldier?), clearly had an impact.

End Conscription Campaign (ECC) | South African History Online In the 1970s, objections to conscription were for religious or pacifist reasons. Then in the early 1980s came the first overtly "political" objectors - Billy Paddock and Pete Hathorn, who spent a year each in prison. Paddock, a journalist, died in a road accident in the 1990s.www.businessday.co.za

End Conscription Campaign (ECC) | South African History Online In the 1970s, objections to conscription were for religious or pacifist reasons. Then in the early 1980s came the first overtly "political" objectors - Billy Paddock and Pete Hathorn, who spent a year each in prison. Paddock, a journalist, died in a road accident in the 1990s.www.businessday.co.za

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