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World War II
World War I
Erich Alfred Hartmann (1922 – 1993), nicknamed "Bubi" by his comrades and "The Black Devil" by his Soviet adversaries, was a German fighter pilot during WW2 and is the highest-scoring fighter ace in the history of aerial warfare. He claimed 352 aerial victories—that is, 352 aerial combat encounters resulting in the destruction of the enemy aircraft—in 1,404 combat missions. Hartmann was never shot down and his Black Tulip design adorning his planes would, by itself, scare Soviet pilots away.
Robert Clary (born Robert Max Widerman; March 1, 1926) is a French-born American actor, published author, and lecturer, best known for his role in the television sitcom Hogan's Heroes as Corporal LeBeau. At the age of twelve, he began a career singing professionally. In 1942, because he was Jewish, he was deported to the Nazi concentration camp, Ottmuth. He was later sent to Blechhammer, Gross Rosen, and finally Buchenwald where he was liberated on 11 April 1945. Twelve other members of h...
Bob Slaughter was once described as perhaps the best-known D-Day Vet in America. National media turned to him when they needed a first-person account of the Normandy invasion. At 6-foot-5, he was an imposing presence. By all accounts, the National D-Day Memorial in Bedford, Va., which was dedicated by President George W. Bush in 2001 and draws 75,000 visitors a year, would never have been built if not for Mr. Slaughter’s efforts. Mr. Slaughter, 87, died May 29 at a hospital in Roanoke. Hero!
This is Charlie Collins boot camp graduation picture in 1943 when he was 17 years old. He flew as a nose gunner on a B-24 bomber in the 15th Air Force in Italy during WW II. He made 51 combat missions, crash landed twice and was credited with shooting down two Messerschmitt-109 fighters. Charlie survived the war without a scratch.
James Stewart served as a pilot in World War II, initially rejected by the army for being underweight, despite wanting to serve. So, he went home, gained some weight, and was able to enlist. During the war, due to his celebrity status, he was kept in America, but after two years, his request to join the battle overseas was finally answered, where he flew in many dangerous missions, earning a good collection medals and award. Noted Hollywood actor
American film star Clark Gable, famous for role as Rhett Butler in Gone with the Wind: Major US Army Air Corps 1942-44 WW II. Although beyond draft age, he enlisted as a private. Assigned to OCS he excelled and received a commission. He flew five combat mission as an observer/gunner in a B-17 earning a Distinguished Flying Cross and an Air Medal. On his 4th mission, a 20mm shell cut the heel from his boot. His discharge was signed by Captain Ronald Reagan.
Audie Murphy, one of the most highly decorated and famous soldiers (later a successful actor), spoke out candidly about his problems with PTSD (then know as "battle fatigue" or "shell shock"). He was a champion of returning Korean and Vietnam War veterans and called on the goverment to extend health care benefits to address PTSD and other mental health problems suffered by returning war veterans
Calvin Leon Graham (1930–1992) was the youngest U.S. serviceman, during WW2. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, he enlisted in the Navy in May 1942, at the age of 12. He was wounded at the Battle of Guadalcanal, while serving aboard the USS South Dakota. During the battle suffered fragmentation wounds. For his actions he was awarded the Bronze Star and the Purple Heart.He was eventually discovered and was given a dishonorable discharge.He spent the rest of his life fighting for reinstatement.
Paul Newman served in the United States Navy in World War II in the Pacific theater. Unable to be a pilot, because he was colour blind, he was sent instead to boot camp and then received further training as a radioman and gunner. He qualified as a rear-seat radioman and gunner in torpedo bombers, in 1944. He later flew from aircraft carriers as a turret gunner in an Avenger torpedo bomber. As a radioman-gunner, he served aboard the USS Bunker Hill during the Battle of Okinawa, 1945.
Audie Murphy, June 1924 - May 1971, was the most decorated American soldier of world war 2. During twenty-seven months in action in the European Theatre he received the Medal of Honor, the U.S. military's highest award for valor, along with 32 additional U.S. and foreign awards (medals, ribbons, citations, badges) including five awards from France and one from Belgium. After the war he became a celebrated movie star for over two decades.