This Day in History: Oct 11, 1899: Boer War begins in South Africa

Dinge en Goete (Things and Stuff): This Day in History: Oct Boer War begins in South Africa

Although she was a British citizen, Emily Hobhouse has become an honorary South African through her selfless and courageous actions, which exposed the inhumanity of concentration camps during the Anglo-Boer war (1899-1902).

Although she was a British citizen, Emily Hobhouse has become an honorary South African through her selfless and courageous actions, which exposed the inhumanity of concentration camps during the Anglo-Boer war Fantastiese Vroumens!

Lizzie van Zyl, a Boer girl, who died in the British Bloemfontein concentration camp in South Africa during the 2nd Boer War (1899-1902). It was estimated that 27,927 Boer (of whom 22,074 were children under 16) and 14,154 black Africans died of starvation, disease and exposure in these camps preceding the Nazi ones by 37 years. The British used deportation to the camps as a weapon against Boer guerrillas.

It can happen anywhere. Lizzie van Zyl, visited by Emily Hobhouse in a British concentration camp. The Nazis weren't the first to utilize concentration camps. This picture of Lizzie was taken during the Boer War.

Louis Botha - Anglo-Boer War

Boer War Louis Botha, Commander-in-chief of the Transvaal Boers, fighting with impressive capability at Colenso and Spion kop. After the fall of Pretoria, he led a concerted guerrilla campaign against the British.

Boer civilians watch as their house burns from scorched earth tactics by the British Army during the Second Anglo-Boer War, South Africa, 1899-1902.

Second Boer War - One British response to the guerrilla war was a 'scorched earth' policy to deny the guerrillas supplies and refuge. In this image Boer civilians watch their house as it is burned.

Boer mounted "commandos" made formidable guerrilla foes of the British Army during the Second Anglo-Boer War, 1899-1902.

Boer mounted "commandos" made formidable guerrilla foes of the British Army during the Second Anglo-Boer War, The Boers were notoriously excellent marksmen, especially on horseback.

Anglo Boer War - Concentration camp

Mayor to unveil memorial wall on Green Point Common

A Boer woman with her dead child, the last of her children to die, photographed by Emily Hobhouse. An English activist, Emily spent six months in South Africa from January to June 1901 visiting Bloemfontein and six other concentration camps. Emily returned to England to campaign against "a gigantic and grievous blunder caused by  crass male ignorance, helplessness and muddling." Her militancy brought the scorn of the British people who called her hysterical, a rebel, liar, enemy of the…

A Boer woman with her dead child, the last of her children to die, photographed by Emily Hobhouse. An English activist, Emily spent six months in South Africa from January to June 1901 visiting Bloemfontein and six other concentration camps.

South African Military History Society - Lectures - Four Exceptional Women in the Anglo-Boer War

Emily Hobhouse / South African Military History Society - Lectures - Four Exceptional Women in the Anglo-Boer War

The National Women's Memorial in honour of the somewhat 30 000 women and children who died in concentration camps during the Anglo Boer War, mostly due to neglect and starvation. Bloemfontein, South Africa

The National Women's Memorial in honour of the somewhat 30 000 women and children who died in concentration camps during the Anglo Boer War, mostly due to neglect and starvation.

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