Segregation and the Rise of the South African Native National Congress

During the time period between World War 1 and World War 2, a wave of African nationalism spread across the continent. The growth of this movement was led by the South African peoples in resistance to an increase in segregation created by the Europeans and Afrikaners.
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3.5-The ANC started forming a close relationship with the Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA) who's formation was led by Bill Andrews. This organization was started by radical white socialist workers who experienced labor struggles in Europe but by 1925 this party had a majority of black members.

Bill Andrews one of the founding members of the SACP

3.7-Dr. Alfred Xuma, the ANC's president leading into WW2, made an address to the African people reinstating their mission. He reiterated the original goals of the creators of the ANC and made a call to action for Africans to remember that through coercion and a realization of their cultural uniqueness that they could achieve the freedom and liberty they sought.

3.7-Dr. Alfred Xuma, the ANC's president leading into WW2, made an address to the African people reinstating their mission. He reiterated the original goals of the creators of the ANC and made a call to action for Africans to remember that through coercion and a realization of their cultural uniqueness that they could achieve the freedom and liberty they sought.

3.6-Another example and message that expresses how Africans felt during this time period about the oppressive legislation the white dominated South African government put in place. In a time where slavery was supposed to be gone these colonizers still found ways to force Africans into slave like situations.

3.6-Another example and message that expresses how Africans felt during this time period about the oppressive legislation the white dominated South African government put in place. In a time where slavery was supposed to be gone these colonizers still found ways to force Africans into slave like situations.

3.3-The ICU relied on it's 100,000 members to put on strikes and demonstrations that often resulted in the use of violent and brutal police force directed by the South African government. (1) But despite the ICU’s large number of members it lacked central organization and finances to sustain any credible form and in turn achieved little to nothing.

Police disperse a strike meeting, Market Square, Johannesburg,

3.2-An advertisement for the Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union (ICU) which was formed by Clements Kadalie amongst a group of Cape Town dockworkers. They put together one of the first and only (at that time) successful strikes for higher wages and soon claimed 100,000 members. But the group was inexperienced and did not put to full use the power it had mustered and therefore eventually dissolved before World War 2 even started.

Posts about Namibia (prev. ‘South West Africa’) written by SAASHA and Lucien van der Walt

3.4-As the South African government attempted to control the movement of labor and grouping of unemployed Africans they put in place a “pass” system. This system required all blacks to carry a pass with them at all times that identified their tribal origin and name of their employer. Police had the ability to stop and ask for their pass and if they were without the proper identification they could be fined, imprisoned, or even force to sign into a low-paid work contract for a white employer…

3.4-As the South African government attempted to control the movement of labor and grouping of unemployed Africans they put in place a “pass” system. This system required all blacks to carry a pass with them at all times that identified their tribal origin and name of their employer. Police had the ability to stop and ask for their pass and if they were without the proper identification they could be fined, imprisoned, or even force to sign into a low-paid work contract for a white employer…


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