Gender

Collection by The Sociological Cinema

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In one form or another, contemporary sociological theories of gender generally begin with the assertion that gender is a social construct, but what does that really mean? How was it constructed? How does that construction get reconstituted? Furthermore, the "constructed" designation suggests there was a time before gender existed, and if this is true, is it possible to live again without gender? This album is a curated collection of digital clippings that grapple with the above questions.

The Sociological Cinema
Gender: Measurements of Equality
Gender: Women & Domesticity
Gender: Women & Submissiveness
Gender: Gender Identity/Gender Expression
Gender: Beauty Standards & Bodies
Gender: Women in STEM
Gender: Women as Warriors
Gender: Gendering Children/Gender Reveal Parties
Gender: Performativity/Performance
Gender: Mansplaining
Gender: Exculpatory Chauvinism
Gender: Fragile Masculinity/Toxic Masculinity
Other Pins

Gender: Measurements of Equality

Views on how far the country has come on gender equality differ widely by gender and by party, 2020 Source: Pew Research Center

Views on how far the country has come on gender equality differ widely by gender and by party, 2020

Views on how far the country has come on gender equality differ widely by gender and by party, 2020 Source: Pew Research Center

Majority of Americans say gender equality is very important, whether they identify as feminists or not, 2020 Source: Pew Research Center

Majority of Americans say gender equality is very important, whether they're feminists or not, 2020

Majority of Americans say gender equality is very important, whether they identify as feminists or not, 2020 Source: Pew Research Center

Gender Gap in Poverty Rates over a Lifetime  Percentage of People Living in Poverty  Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Gender Gap in Poverty Rates over a Lifetime Percentage of People Living in Poverty Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Poverty Rates by Age and Sex, 2015  Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Poverty Rates by Age and Sex, 2015 Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Larger shares of men than women say men have more influence in decisions about household finances, 2019  Source: Pew Research Center

Larger shares of men say men have more influence in decisions about household finances, 2019

Larger shares of men than women say men have more influence in decisions about household finances, 2019 Source: Pew Research Center

Source: Pew Research center

Most say gender equality in their country is very important, 2019

Source: Pew Research center

In many countries, sizable shares say men have more influence than women in decisions about household finances, 2019  Source: Pew Research Center

Sizable shares say men have more influence than women in decisions about household finances, 2019

In many countries, sizable shares say men have more influence than women in decisions about household finances, 2019 Source: Pew Research Center

Source: Pew Research Center

Few think women have a better life than men, 2019

Source: Pew Research Center

Source: Pew Research Center

Women more likely to see men as having a better life, 2019.

Source: Pew Research Center

Majorities think men and women have about the same influence in making important family decisions, 2019.  Source: Pew Research Center

Majorities think men & women have about the same influence in making family decisions, 2019

Majorities think men and women have about the same influence in making important family decisions, 2019. Source: Pew Research Center

Women are more likely than men to point to societal factors when it comes to gender differences  Source: Pew Research Center

Women are more likely than men to point to societal factors when it comes to gender differences Source: Pew Research Center

Do you think our culture teaches women to speak up about harassment and assault, without fear of the consequences on their own lives?  Most voters do not think our culture teaches women to speak up without fear of consequences on their own lives.  Source: "The Immediate, Short-term, and Long-term Effects of the Kavanaugh Hearings on the Electorate." Results from a National Survey of Voters. PerryUndem, April 15, 2019

Do you think our culture teaches women to speak up about harassment and assault?

Do you think our culture teaches women to speak up about harassment and assault, without fear of the consequences on their own lives? Most voters do not think our culture teaches women to speak up without fear of consequences on their own lives. Source: "The Immediate, Short-term, and Long-term Effects of the Kavanaugh Hearings on the Electorate." Results from a National Survey of Voters. PerryUndem, April 15, 2019

Do you think our culture teaches women to speak up about harassment and assault, without fear of the consequences on their own lives?  Women across the board and young voters are among the most likely to think our culture does not teach women to speak up without fear.  Source: "The Immediate, Short-term, and Long-term Effects of the Kavanaugh Hearings on the Electorate." Results from a National Survey of Voters. PerryUndem, April 15, 2019

Do you think our culture teaches women to speak up about harassment and assault?

Do you think our culture teaches women to speak up about harassment and assault, without fear of the consequences on their own lives? Women across the board and young voters are among the most likely to think our culture does not teach women to speak up without fear. Source: "The Immediate, Short-term, and Long-term Effects of the Kavanaugh Hearings on the Electorate." Results from a National Survey of Voters. PerryUndem, April 15, 2019

Gender Equality-In developing countries, 1 in 3 girls is married by the time she turns 18. That's 14 million girls per year, and nearly 39,000 girls daily--Pregnancy and childbirth is the leading cause of death of 15-19 year-old girls in the developing world--Girls are 3x more likely to be malnourished than boys--65 million girls are missing from primary and secondary school--[Click on this image to find a short video and analysis exploring the causes of the distorted sex ratio in India]

The Distorted Sex Ratio in India

Gender Equality-In developing countries, 1 in 3 girls is married by the time she turns 18. That's 14 million girls per year, and nearly 39,000 girls daily--Pregnancy and childbirth is the leading cause of death of 15-19 year-old girls in the developing world--Girls are 3x more likely to be malnourished than boys--65 million girls are missing from primary and secondary school--[Click on this image to find a short video and analysis exploring the causes of the distorted sex ratio in India]

Source: PRRI / MTV 2017 National Youth Survey

The Priorities of Young People Vary Widely by Race and Ethnicity (Gender Equality)

Source: PRRI / MTV 2017 National Youth Survey

Log Odds of Respondents Indicating that Women (Rather Than Men) Have More Communion, Agency, Competence, or Intelligence.  Source: Eagly, A. H., Nater, C., Miller, D. I., Kaufmann, M., & Sczesny, S. (2019, July 18). Gender Stereotypes Have Changed: A Cross-Temporal Meta-Analysis of U.S. Public Opinion Polls From 1946 to 2018. American Psychologist. Advance online publication.

Log Odds of Respondents Indicating that Women (Rather Than Men) Have More Communion, Agency, Competence, or Intelligence. Source: Eagly, A. H., Nater, C., Miller, D. I., Kaufmann, M., & Sczesny, S. (2019, July 18). Gender Stereotypes Have Changed: A Cross-Temporal Meta-Analysis of U.S. Public Opinion Polls From 1946 to 2018. American Psychologist. Advance online publication.

Communion/Agency/Competence/Intelligence Is [(1) More True of Women; (2) More True of Men; or (3) Equally True of Both Men and Women] - The % answering "equal" in competence increased significantly. While the responses indicating that either sex is more competent than the other declined, women were deemed more competent than men.  Source: Eagly, Nater, Miller, Kaufmann, & Sczesny, S. 2019. "Gender Stereotypes Have Changed." American Psychologist. Advance online publication.

Communion/Agency/Competence/Intelligence Is [(1) More True of Women; (2) More True of Men; or (3) Equally True of Both Men and Women] - The % answering "equal" in competence increased significantly. While the responses indicating that either sex is more competent than the other declined, women were deemed more competent than men. Source: Eagly, Nater, Miller, Kaufmann, & Sczesny, S. 2019. "Gender Stereotypes Have Changed." American Psychologist. Advance online publication.

Perceiving sexism as a "big problem" peaked in the midst of the first wave of #MeToo stories.  Compared to November 2018, fewer voters now consider sexism a "big problem." Among most segments, the proportions look similar to when we measured views right after the 2016 election.  Democratic women remain at relatively high proportions saying sexism is a big problem.  Source: "The Immediate, Short-term, and Long-term Effects of the Kavanaugh Hearings on the Electorate." PerryUndem, April 15…

How big of a problem is sexism in our society today?

Perceiving sexism as a "big problem" peaked in the midst of the first wave of #MeToo stories. Compared to November 2018, fewer voters now consider sexism a "big problem." Among most segments, the proportions look similar to when we measured views right after the 2016 election. Democratic women remain at relatively high proportions saying sexism is a big problem. Source: "The Immediate, Short-term, and Long-term Effects of the Kavanaugh Hearings on the Electorate." PerryUndem, April 15…

To you personally, how important is it that there are equal numbers of men and women in positions of power in our society?  About 6 in 10 voters say it is important to them personally that there are equal numbers of men and women in positions of power in society. Republican men and Democratic men are mirror opposites of each other.  Source: "The Immediate, Short-term, and Long-term Effects of the Kavanaugh Hearings on the Electorate." PerryUndem, April 15, 2019

How important is it that there are equal numbers of men & women in positions of power in our society

To you personally, how important is it that there are equal numbers of men and women in positions of power in our society? About 6 in 10 voters say it is important to them personally that there are equal numbers of men and women in positions of power in society. Republican men and Democratic men are mirror opposites of each other. Source: "The Immediate, Short-term, and Long-term Effects of the Kavanaugh Hearings on the Electorate." PerryUndem, April 15, 2019

Do you think our society is a patriarchy? A patriarchy is when men have larger shares of power than women across systems in society, such as in government and business.  After hearing a definition, 64% of respondents think our society is a patriarchy.  Source: "The Immediate, Short-term, and Long-term Effects of the Kavanaugh Hearings on the Electorate." Results from a National Survey of Voters. PerryUndem, April 15, 2019

Do you think our society is a patriarchy?

Do you think our society is a patriarchy? A patriarchy is when men have larger shares of power than women across systems in society, such as in government and business. After hearing a definition, 64% of respondents think our society is a patriarchy. Source: "The Immediate, Short-term, and Long-term Effects of the Kavanaugh Hearings on the Electorate." Results from a National Survey of Voters. PerryUndem, April 15, 2019

Gender: Women & Domesticity

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Gender: Women & Submissiveness

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Gender: Gender Identity/Gender Expression

See more

Gender: Beauty Standards & Bodies

See more

Gender: Women in STEM

See more

Gender: Women as Warriors

See more

Gender: Gendering Children/Gender Reveal Parties

See more

Gender: Performativity/Performance

See more

Gender: Mansplaining

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Gender: Exculpatory Chauvinism

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Gender: Fragile Masculinity/Toxic Masculinity

As a 2019 article from The Atlantic points out, sociologist Raewyn Connell and others have theorized that "common masculine ideals such as social respect, physical strength, and sexual potency become problematic when they set unattainable standards. Falling short can make boys and men insecure and anxious, which might prompt them to use force in order to feel, and be seen as, dominant and in control...

In what sense is masculinity "fragile"?

As a 2019 article from The Atlantic points out, sociologist Raewyn Connell and others have theorized that "common masculine ideals such as social respect, physical strength, and sexual potency become problematic when they set unattainable standards. Falling short can make boys and men insecure and anxious, which might prompt them to use force in order to feel, and be seen as, dominant and in control...

If you read a scifi tale about a plague and it had dudes going "I won't WEAR a MASK because it THREATENS my MASCULINITY" you would assume the author were a very intense feminist trying to make some kind of hamfisted point but actually yeah there are men literally doing this. ~ @eevee

If you read a scifi tale about a plague and it had dudes going "I won't WEAR a MASK because it THREATENS my MASCULINITY" you would assume the author were a very intense feminist trying to make some kind of hamfisted point but actually yeah there are men literally doing this. ~ @eevee

Other Pins

Views on how far the country has come on gender equality differ widely by gender and by party, 2020 Source: Pew Research Center

Views on how far the country has come on gender equality differ widely by gender and by party, 2020

Views on how far the country has come on gender equality differ widely by gender and by party, 2020 Source: Pew Research Center

A: "What's the difference between being assertive and being aggressive?" B: "Your gender." Artist: Haracek

A: "What's the difference between being assertive and being aggressive?" B: "Your gender." Artist: Haracek

Majority of Americans say gender equality is very important, whether they identify as feminists or not, 2020 Source: Pew Research Center

Majority of Americans say gender equality is very important, whether they're feminists or not, 2020

Majority of Americans say gender equality is very important, whether they identify as feminists or not, 2020 Source: Pew Research Center

Gender Gap in Poverty Rates over a Lifetime  Percentage of People Living in Poverty  Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Gender Gap in Poverty Rates over a Lifetime Percentage of People Living in Poverty Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Poverty Rates by Age and Sex, 2015  Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Poverty Rates by Age and Sex, 2015 Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Larger shares of men than women say men have more influence in decisions about household finances, 2019  Source: Pew Research Center

Larger shares of men say men have more influence in decisions about household finances, 2019

Larger shares of men than women say men have more influence in decisions about household finances, 2019 Source: Pew Research Center

As a 2019 article from The Atlantic points out, sociologist Raewyn Connell and others have theorized that "common masculine ideals such as social respect, physical strength, and sexual potency become problematic when they set unattainable standards. Falling short can make boys and men insecure and anxious, which might prompt them to use force in order to feel, and be seen as, dominant and in control...

In what sense is masculinity "fragile"?

As a 2019 article from The Atlantic points out, sociologist Raewyn Connell and others have theorized that "common masculine ideals such as social respect, physical strength, and sexual potency become problematic when they set unattainable standards. Falling short can make boys and men insecure and anxious, which might prompt them to use force in order to feel, and be seen as, dominant and in control...

Source: Pew Research Center

Most see gender parity when it comes to making decisions about religion, 2019

Source: Pew Research Center

Source: Pew Research center

Most say gender equality in their country is very important, 2019

Source: Pew Research center

Source: Pew Research Center

Men seen as having more opportunities to be leaders in their community, 2019

Source: Pew Research Center

In many countries, sizable shares say men have more influence than women in decisions about household finances, 2019  Source: Pew Research Center

Sizable shares say men have more influence than women in decisions about household finances, 2019

In many countries, sizable shares say men have more influence than women in decisions about household finances, 2019 Source: Pew Research Center

Source: Pew Research Center

Few think women have a better life than men, 2019

Source: Pew Research Center

Source: Pew Research Center

Women more likely to see men as having a better life, 2019.

Source: Pew Research Center

If you read a scifi tale about a plague and it had dudes going "I won't WEAR a MASK because it THREATENS my MASCULINITY" you would assume the author were a very intense feminist trying to make some kind of hamfisted point but actually yeah there are men literally doing this. ~ @eevee

If you read a scifi tale about a plague and it had dudes going "I won't WEAR a MASK because it THREATENS my MASCULINITY" you would assume the author were a very intense feminist trying to make some kind of hamfisted point but actually yeah there are men literally doing this. ~ @eevee

Majorities think men and women have about the same influence in making important family decisions, 2019.  Source: Pew Research Center

Majorities think men & women have about the same influence in making family decisions, 2019

Majorities think men and women have about the same influence in making important family decisions, 2019. Source: Pew Research Center

Women are more likely than men to point to societal factors when it comes to gender differences  Source: Pew Research Center

Women are more likely than men to point to societal factors when it comes to gender differences Source: Pew Research Center