Protea Neriifolia ("Swartbaardprotea") This beautiful shrub can grow up to 3 meters high and can be found over a wide area in the Cape. The pink colouring on the flower can vary from region to region and the flower has a black or dark purple beard.
Erica Species (Heath) Scotland is well known for its heather-clad hillsides but where it has two or three types, Africa boasts over 600 species of Erica (heaths). Some flowers are sticky and the plants grow in depleted sandy soil on mountain slopes. Cape Sugarbirds and bees are pollinators.
Acasia Conebush This specimen of the Conebush family is critically endangered and was photographed in Kirstenbosch Botanical Gardens in Cape Town. The plant is female and male and the genders sometimes differ in many aspects. It is part of the Protea family and there are about 80 species and grow mainly in the Cape Province although some can be found in Kwa-Zulu Natal.
Elegia Capensis ("Besemriet") This plant is part of the restios group of plants which is the "grass" that grows in Fynbos and can be tricky to identify. Besemriet can grow up to 2,5 meters tall and form large plants next to waterlogged areas and streams.
Crassulaceae (Crassula) They are fleshy succulents and are pollinated by the Mountain Pride Butterfly. Their populations are stable and they are not endangered. This butterfly only pollinates red plants and the Red Crassula flower has specially adapted to its pollination. They easily grow in gardens and is an ideal plant for a rockery.
Aloe Aloes are well-known for their medicinal properties. They have thick, juicy leaves and some protect themselves with thorned edges against grazers. They can be found from the Cape to Malawi and have typical coral coloured flowers. They do well in dry or desert-like areas.
Herschelianthe graminifolia (Blue Disa) These flowers grow high up on the dry, sunny slopes of mountains in the South Western Cape. They prefer areas with thicker plant growth. The flowers are aromatic smelling and the long elegant stems can grow up to 1 meter in length. This specimen was found on Table Mountain. Rare to spot.
Lampranthus Blandus ("Vygie") Msembryanthemaceae is a large, mostly South African, family of plants with succulent leaves and wax-like flowers in most colours except blue. In most plants the seed is carried in strong wooden capsules which opens when watered. The different genera are identified by the specific characteristics of the capsules.
Chinkerinchee / Tjienkerientjee (Afrikaans)
Ornithogalum thyrsoides (Chinkerinchee) Part of the hyacinth family. A bulb with fresh white flowers, with or without a dark eye. It is low growing and flowers during the months of November and December. They are commercially attractive and exported overseas. Extremely toxic to animals.