(Cape Town) Bantu speakers had gone from Eastern Africa, to Southern Africa. The west was left to Khoikhoi. The groups interacted, and were either fighting or making up. They farmed and herded, in addition to metal working. They expanded on their own, and then the Dutch came in for Cape Town. As English and Dutch were fighting over the colony, Afrikaners crossed the wrong river and had a war with Bantu speakers. The British finally gained control, and tried to stop Afrikaners, only pushing…
Much of African culture was merged when slaves were taken. Some didn't change, like Haitian Voodooism, but other religions mixed with Christianity. A slave uprising in Brazil was led by Muslims, who hadn't fared as well. Suriname is still surviving, and was formed by runaway slaves. The end of slavery was outside of Africa. It boosted worldwide economies. English abolitionists succeeded and soon pushed others to do the same.
The Portuguese set up many factories, the largest El Mina. Many of the factories were endorsed by African administration, who wanted more trade in the area. Lançados followed routes to the interior to bring trade. Missionaries followed them. King Nzinga Mvemba accepted Christianity into the Kongo. Both sides wanted to convert them. Portugal went farther down the coast and set up the forts along the way. It started out as trade agreements, but it soon turned over to slave relationships.
The cassava roots helped African societies cope with their lost ones. The Saharan trade networks were more after women for sexual and domestic needs. The Atlantic trade network were after young men to work. The trade had a big affect on the population of Africa-half of what it would be without it.
The Atlantic Slave trade reformed slavery. Kind of scary, that something that bad would reform it. They merged into their new societies. African society had already enslaved women. Slavery was there, and it just made it easier for Europe to pick it up and distribute it. The distribution allowed for slavery becoming more severe.
(Wage Slavery-somehow.) Slavery has always been around. Whether they're buying brides, or indenturing servants, they all denied the control of an individual's labor. They would exploit the alienation of the slaves in their new environment. African slave helped the new world, didn't help Africa to much but at least the world could benefit. It was an early international trade, and developed capitalism. Those last points are debated. No one is certain if kidnapping helps an economy.
All those Cowrie shells could of been bought with a healthy slave. As more countries began to take interest in the trade, they set up forts. They weren't exploited by the Europeans alone, their own people were giving them up. The profits are said to have lead to capitalism and the Industrial Revolution. It's hard to see how much of an impact they had on the economy it had, because it was tied with many other forms of commerce and wasn't much more profitable than them either.
Over a four-hundred year period, 12 million Africans became American. Around two million didn't survive shipping. That's how they were treated, just property being transported. It grew and grew because they were too busy dying to have children. They were only steady in the U.S.
One thing came out of the slave trade. Arabs, Indians, and Swahili used slaves to grow clove. Without clove, we would never have clove gum, so there's that. Sub-Saharan countries were doing alright, all the new commerce was pushing them higher. In northern Africa, Islamization linked to slave trading. One state broke up, Songhay, but it was followed by The Bambara of Segu who were pagan, and Muslim Hausa states. Most followed African religions. A few were benefiting from selling each other.
The slave trade hurt Africans, but Africa was helped economically. They entered the international scene with slave trade. The people were hurt severely, and had to adapt their societies. They were disadvantaged, and it was still felt into the twentieth century.