Xhosa people, 1848-The main tribes are the Mpondo, Mpondomise, Bomvana, Xesibe, and Thembu. In addition, the Bhaca and Mfengu have adopted the Xhosa language. The name "Xhosa" comes from that of a legendary leader called uXhosa. There is also a fringe theory that, prior to that, the name xhosa came from a word meaning "fierce" or "angry" in some San language. The Xhosa refer to themselves as the amaXhosa, and to their language as isiXhosa.