Commanders and rear echelon
Dr. James McHenry immigrated from Ireland to Baltimore and studied medicine under Dr. Benjamin Rush in Philadelphia. He served in the Continental Army as a surgeon before he was appointed as a secretary to Washington in 1778. After the war, McHenry was elected to the Maryland legislature, was a delegate at the Constitutional Convention, and served as Secretary of War in Washington’s administration. Fort McHenry in Baltimore Harbor is named for him.
Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Hanson Harrison of Alexandria, Virginia, had been Washington’s lawyer before the war and joined his staff in 1775. In 1776, he became Washington’s military secretary, a position he held until 1781. After the war, he served as a judge in Maryland. Engraving by Albert Rosenthal after John Trumbull
John Cadwalader was a commander of Pennsylvania troops during the American Revolutionary War. Born in Trenton, New Jersey of Quaker parentage. Elected senior officer of the Philadelphia Associators, a volunteer militia founded by Benjamin Franklin in 1747. Cadwalader took part in actions in New Jersey, which forced the British commander General William Howe and his principal subordinate, Lord Cornwallis to surrender the state to the Americans.
Horatio Gates, born July 26, 1727, was a Revolutionary War Continental General. In 1776, the Continental Congress commissioned Gates a Brigadier General and the first Adjutant General for the Army. He commanded the Northern Department and at the Battle of Saratoga, he forced British General John Burgoyne to surrender his whole army on October 17, 1777. He took command of the Army of South and was defeated by British General Cornwallis at Camden, South Carolina , August 1780.
Philip Schuyler (1733-1804) was a general in the American Revolution and a United States Senator from New York. He was elected to the Continental Congress in 1775, and served until he was appointed a Major General of the Continental Army in June. General Schuyler took command of the Northern Department, and planned the Invasion of Canada.
John Eager Howard - Revolutionary War Continental Army Officer, Continental Congressman, US Senator. In July 1776, he accepted a Captaincy in the 2nd Maryland Battalion of the Flying Camp and was sent to White Plains, New York, where he battled the British. He distinguished himself with leadership and bravery at Germantown, the Battle of Camden, and the Battle of Cowpens. Congress voted him a medal and he became known as the “Hero of Cowpens”.
William Burnet (1730-1791) was an American political leader and physician from New Jersey who served in the Continental Army and the Continental Congress. He opened a hospital in Newark for wounded soldiers, and ran it throughout the Revolution. He was appointed Surgeon General for the Eastern Region in 1776, and held that position until the war ended in 1783.
Gustavus Richard Brown (1747-1804) studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, graduating in 1768. After returning to America, he practiced medicine in his home town of Port Tobacco, Maryland. He became surgeon-general of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War and in 1776, along with his nephew, Dr. James Wallace, founded a hospital for the inoculation of Small Pox. A lifelong friend of George Washington, he was one of the doctors summoned to his bedside during
Benjamin Thaxter Lincoln - Revolutionary War Continental Army Major General. Served with distinction in the Northern battles of Bennington and Saratoga. Made commander of the Charleston, South Carolina defenses in 1788, he allowed the British to box him in the city, which he surrendered after the siege (1780). Exchanged, he joined Washington's army in time to participate in Cornwallis' defeat at Yorktown.
Samuel Prescott (1751-1777) was a physician and Massachusetts Patriot during the American Revolutionary War. He is best remembered for his role in the "midnight ride" to warn the townspeople of Concord of the impending British army move to capture guns and gunpowder kept there at the beginning of the American Revolution. He was the only participant in the ride to reach Concord. There is evidence that Prescott went on to serve as a surgeon in the Continental Army. He later joined the crew of a Ne
John Doughty - Revolutionary War Continental Army Officer. He enlisted on January 13, 1776 and served throughout the Revolutionary War. He was an adjutant under Colonel James Ford, Jr. in the Eastern Battalion of the Morris County (New Jersey) Militia in 1776; and also served as a Captain of artillery. He took part in the First and Second Battles of Trenton and the Battle of Princeton.
Michael Cresap - Pre-Revolutionary War Hero. Lived in Ohio part of his adult life as a frontiersman and land developer. Later, he commanded a company of Maryland riflemen in the Continental Army at Cambridge Massachusetts. He was commissioned a Colonel under George Washington during the American Revolutionary War and died in service of the Army.
Alexander McDougall, (1732-1786), was a popular Revolutionary leader. He was a member of the Sons of Liberty, and wrote a pamphlet entitled, "To the Betrayed Inhabitants of the City and Colony of New York" in 1769, for which he was imprisoned by the provincial assembly. He was appointed a colonel and, later, a major general in the Continental Army, taking over Benedict Arnold's command of West Point.