Lizzie van Zyl, a Boer girl, who died in the British Bloemfontein concentration camp in South Africa during the 2nd Boer War (1899-1902). It was estimated that 27,927 Boer (of whom 22,074 were children under 16) and 14,154 black Africans died of starvation, disease and exposure in these camps preceding the Nazi ones by 37 years. The British used deportation to the camps as a weapon against Boer guerrillas.
Emily Hobhouse (1860-1926) was a Cornish campaigner and activist, most famous for bringing the appalling conditions of the British concentration camps to the attention of the British public during the 2nd Boer War. She also worked to improve the conditions and save the live of the people there, although under much criticism from those back in England. Seen as a heroine in South Africa but known by the British government as ‘That Bloody Woman’, she had a commanding yet compassionate gaze .
Suffer the Little Children: British Concentration Camps During the 2nd Anglo-Boer War
Of the slightly more than 104,000 women and children placed in these camps, about 28,000 died. The humanitarian world was appalled. The conduct of the British against the civilian Boer population was the subject of universal disapprobation, so it's interesting to note that his written defense of the British cause in the war was the reason Conan Doyle (creator of the Sherlock Holmes) was later knighted