Zeybek / Zeibek / Ziebek from İzmir 'Hadji Simon' Zeybecks were irregular militia and guerrilla fighters living in the Aegean Region of the Ottoman Empire from late to early centuries, of Thracian origin.
The traditional outfit of the ‘Efe’ (or: ‘Zeybek’) from the Izmir region. Late-Ottoman era, end of century. The ‘Efe / Zeybek’ were the century people’s militia of the Aegean coastal area, who sometimes turned themselves into professional brigands.
A Turkish villager in his best outfit. Not wealthy, but not poor either (note the leather boots). The primary purpose of the large men’s ‘kuşak’ (waist band) is here obvious: to support the back during demanding daily activities. Late-Ottoman, end of c