Karabair, © FAO. Karabair comes from the central Asian states Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. It's an old breed, developed out of steppe and desert horse crosses and they were known at least 2000 years ago. Today Karabair is divided in 3 types, basic, heavy and saddle horses. Heavy one has been used for meat production and as a draft but its numbers are diminishing. They're usually quite small, around 150 cm at withers and most common colors are black, bay and brown.