St Catherine of Siena and St Margaret, “Jesuit missionaries brought the first European engravings to the Mughal court during their missions from 1580. By the mid-17th century, foreign visitors travelled more frequently to the Mughal court, including the English Ambassador Sir Thomas Roe. They may have brought other examples of European art to the region. These two engravings of St Catherine and St Margaret were pasted into a Mughal album that belonged to prince Dara Shikoh.”
Page from a Kalpasutra manuscript showing women of the royal household celebrating the sixth night after the birth of Mahavira. Western India Late 15th - early 16th century Opaque watercolour on paper Museum no. IS.46:39-1959
JAIN MINIATURES These are manuscripts on paper about the lives of Mahavira, the founder of Jainism, and of other Jain saints. Of these, the Kalpasutra of Bhadrabahu is the most popular. The illustrations consist of lotuses and other flowers, animals, birds, and Jain ascetics, who believed in not hurting any living thing. These were mostly painted in Gujarat and the Rajputana area of Western India, around the 13th and 16th century.