Anthony Bowen, who purchased his own freedom from slavery in Maryland, founded the first YMCA chapter for African Americans in 1853. This was one of the first organizations for African Americans. Bowen was an abolitionist and advised President Lincoln to enlist African American troops to fight in the civil war. He was also the first African American to work in the US Patent Office.
Osborne Anderson was the only African American to Survive, among the five Black Men that accompanied John Brown on the raid on Harpers Ferry! In 1861 Anderson wrote A Voice From Harper’s Ferry. He believed that southern accounts were biased, he felt compelled to give an account of the event from the raiders’ perspective. http://www.cafepress.com/gkcstore
QUEEN OF SHEBA (960 B.C.) "I am black but comely, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, As the tents of Kedar, As the curtains of Solomon, Look not upon me because I am black Because the sun hath scorched me." (Song of Solomon)
HARRIET AND JOHN TUBMAN: The only photo held representing the likeness of Harriet's first husband, John Tubman, a free black man of Maryland, killed after Harriet's escape to freedom. Harriet's age in photo is about 30 years. Around 1844, she married a free black man, John Tubman. Since she was a slave, there could be a chance that she could be sold; he reportedly told her that he would tell "massa" if she tried. Her goal to achieve freedom was too large for her to give up though. In 1849…
Elizabeth Taylor Greenfield (1824-1876) was called "the Black Swan" because of the elegance of her voice and grace of her state presence. Born a slave in Natchez, MS, she was freed when her mistress joined the Society of Friends. She began studying music in 1846. In 1854, she became the first African American singer to perform for Britain's royal family.