Saegusa Shigeru before his execution at the Awadaguchi execution grounds outside of Kyoto, he was beheaded and his head was put on public display (sarashikubi) for his involvement in the attack on the delegation of the British Consul-General in Japan (Sir Harry Smith Parkes) to the Meiji Emperor, February 1868.
Inoue Kaoru was born 1836, to a lower-ranked samurai family in Hagi (present day Yamaguchi Prefecture). Inoue attended the Han school with his brother Ikutarō (幾太郎). He was a close boyhood friend of Ito Hirobumi who later became Japan's first prime minister, and he played an active part in the sonno joi (“revere the emperor and expel the barbarians”) movement. Desiring to rid Japan of foreigners, he and Takasugi Shinsaku set fire to the British legation in Edo in 1862.
Takasugi Shinsaku (高杉 晋作 27 September 1839 – 17 May 1867) was a samurai from the Chōshū Domain of Japan who contributed significantly to the Meiji Restoration.He used the alias Tani Umenosuke (谷梅之助) to hide his activities from the shogunate.