Ahmet Ali Çelikten (1883–1969) may have been the first black military pilot in aviation history and was one of only two known black combat pilots in World War I (the other being Eugene Jacques Bullard).
SULTAN MURAD V Sultan Murad V (21 September 1840 – 29 August 1904) was the 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire who reigned from 30 May to 31 August 1876. Sultan Murad became the Sultan when his uncle Abdulaziz was deposed. He reigned for 93 days before being deposed on the grounds that he was supposedly mentally ill. He died at Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Constantinople, and was buried in Constantinople on 30 August 1904. His brother, Abdul Hamid II, ascended to the throne on 31 August 1876.
Askia Muhammaed Toure King of Songhay (1493-1529) by Leo Dillon (1933-2012) A devout Muslim, Askia “The Great” ruled and administered Songhay strictly according to Islamic law. He united the entire central region of the Western Soudan, and established a governmental machine that is still revered today for its detail and efficiency.