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Ahmet Ali Çelikten (1883–1969) may have been the first black military pilot in aviation history and was one of only two known black combat pilots in World War I (the other being Eugene Jacques Bullard).

Maps of the Umayyad Caliphate in the Second Half of the 9th and the Second Half of the 10th Centuries

Süleyman the Magnificent, who ruled the Ottoman empire from 1520 to 1566 at the height of its power. During his reign, the tulip becomes an integral part of Ottoman culture.

SULTAN MURAD V Sultan Murad V (21 September 1840 – 29 August 1904) was the 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire who reigned from 30 May to 31 August 1876. Sultan Murad became the Sultan when his uncle Abdulaziz was deposed. He reigned for 93 days before being deposed on the grounds that he was supposedly mentally ill. He died at Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Constantinople, and was buried in Constantinople on 30 August 1904. His brother, Abdul Hamid II, ascended to the throne on 31 August 1876.

World War One’s Forgotten Muslim Heroes Remembered -

Askia Muhammaed Toure King of Songhay (1493-1529) by Leo Dillon (1933-2012) A devout Muslim, Askia “The Great” ruled and administered Songhay strictly according to Islamic law. He united the entire central region of the Western Soudan, and established a governmental machine that is still revered today for its detail and efficiency.