Harriet Tubman Harriet Tubman was an African-American abolitionist, humanitarian, and Union spy during the American Civil War. Born into slavery, Tubman escaped to Philadelphia in 1849, then immediately returned to Maryland to rescue her family.
Dr. Jane Wright became professor of surgery, head of the cancer chemotherapy department, and associate dean at New York Medical College, and the highest ranked African American woman at a nationally recognized medical institution.
Maj. Robert H. Lawrence Jr. named first Black Astronaut . Maj. Lawrence successfully completed the Air Force Flight Test Pilot Training School at Edwards AFB, California. In the same month (June 30, 1967) he was selected by the USAF as an astronaut in the Air Force's Manned Orbital Laboratory (MOL) program, thus becoming the first black astronaut. He was killed during a training flight later on the same year.
-Donald Lee Hollowell (1917–2004) was an American civil rights attorney in the state of Georgia. Hollowell is best remembered for his instrumental role in winning the desegregation of the University of Georgia in 1961. He is the subject of a 2010 documentary film, Donald L. Hollowell: Foot Soldier for Equal Justice.
Born a slave in the waning months of the Civil War, Anthony Overton became the first African American to own a major conglomerate. His vast business empire included the Overton Hygienic Manufacturing Company, The Half-Century Magazine, Douglass National Bank, The Victory Life Insurance Company, The Great Northern Realty Company, and the Chicago Bee.