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[Photo] Aerial view of Toulon, France, 28 Nov 1942; note smoke rising from burning ships

Aerial view of Toulon, France, 28 Nov 1942; note smoke rising from burning ships-When Allied forces arrived in North Africa to team up with the Free French Forces to beat back the Axis occupiers, and French naval crews, emboldened by the Allied initiative, scuttled the French fleet off Toulon, in southeastern France, to keep it from being used by those same Axis powers, Hitler retaliated.

[Photo] French ships Strasbourg, Colbert, Algérie, and Marseillaise burning in Toulon harbor, France, 28 Nov 1942; photo taken by a RAF aircraft

French ships Strasbourg, Colbert, Algérie, and Marseillaise burning in Toulon harbor, France, 28 Nov 1942; photo taken by a RAF aircraft-13 Nov 1942-Adolf Hitler promised France that Germany would leave the French fleet at Toulon, France alone. 25 Nov 1942 Adolf Hitler ordered the seizure of the French fleet at Toulon, France.- 27 Nov 1942 Germans occupied naval base at Toulon; -French Navy scuttled warships to avoid German capture.

[Photo] Scuttled French seaplane tender Commandant Teste, Toulon, France, date unknown

Scuttled French seaplane tender Commandant Teste, Toulon, France, date unknown

[Photo] Wrecked Marseillaise, Toulon, France, date unknown

In the north, the Allies rushed east for the Tunisian ports (Bizerte and Tunis). The French colony thus for several months became the focus of the War for the West. Allies. It was beyond the reach of the Torch landings because of the German and Italian air bases in the central Med.. Tunisia would this have to be taken by overland attacks from Algeria the north and Libya in the south. The Brit. 1st Army advanced east in the north along the coast toward the Tun. ports under Anderson with…

Little girl playing with guns left on streets of Berlin after war in 1945. Note the MP44s in the foreground, the precursor to AK-47.

From left, front row: Adm. Darlan, Adm. Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham, General Eisenhower, and Henri Giraud with back turned.Darlan shut down armed resistance and took Vichy North Africa over to the Allies’ side. (He had, indeed, hinted previously to American diplomats that he was prepared to switch sides; see Arthur Funk, “Negotiating the ‘Deal with Darlan'” in Journal of Contemporary History, April 1973.) In exchange, the Allies installed him as High Commissioner of France for North and…

[Photo] LST-72 and LST-325 unloading directly onto trucks after being left 'high and dry' by the tide at Morlaix, France, 5 Sep 1944

LST-72 and LST-325 unloading directly onto trucks after being left 'high and dry' by the tide at Morlaix, France, 5 Sep 1944

Major J. M. Figott and members of his company of the Royal Hamilton Light Infantry kneeling at the graves of Canadian soldiers killed at Dieppe on 19 August 1942. Dieppe, France, 1 September 1944