Aerial view of Toulon, France, 28 Nov 1942; note smoke rising from burning ships-When Allied forces arrived in North Africa to team up with the Free French Forces to beat back the Axis occupiers, and French naval crews, emboldened by the Allied initiative, scuttled the French fleet off Toulon, in southeastern France, to keep it from being used by those same Axis powers, Hitler retaliated.

Aerial view of Toulon, France, 28 Nov 1942; note smoke rising from burning ships-When Allied forces arrived in North Africa to team up with the Free French Forces to beat back the Axis occupiers, and French naval crews, emboldened by the Allied initiative, scuttled the French fleet off Toulon, in southeastern France, to keep it from being used by those same Axis powers, Hitler retaliated.

After the Allied landing in North Africa, in November, a worried Hitler ordered that Vichy France be occupied and the French fleet in Toulon seized. French sailors scuttled their ships shorty before German troops arrived.

After the Allied landing in North Africa, in November, a worried Hitler ordered that Vichy France be occupied and the French fleet in Toulon seized. French sailors scuttled their ships shorty before German troops arrived.

Marseillaise

[Photo] French cruiser Marseillaise afire and sinking, Toulon, France, late Nov 1942

Cruiser Marseillaise aflame at Toulon, France, circa 27 Nov 1942

[Photo] Cruiser Marseillaise aflame at Toulon, France, circa 27 Nov 1942

Cruiser Marseillaise aflame at Toulon, France, circa 27 Nov 1942

French cruiser Marseillaise afire and sinking, Toulon, France, 27 Nov 1942  Source German Federal Archive

French cruiser Marseillaise afire and sinking, Toulon, France, 27 Nov 1942 Source German Federal Archive

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