The photo was taken in 1910. It’s the last photograph taken of Florence Nightingale. (It's rare: she was reluctant throughout her life to be photographed.) It shows 90 year old Florence in her bedroom at her home in London. The photo was taken by Lizzie Caswall Smith. On the back of the photo Smith wrote, “Taken just before she died, house near Park Lane.
Elizabeth I: The Ermine Portrait, 1585, by Nicholas Hilliard. This portrait can be viewed at Hatfield House. Why is Elizabeth seated with an ermine? It was the symbol of royalty; and, if you look closely at the animal, you can see the gold crown it wears. The crown symbolizes majesty and purity. As for the bejeweled black gown and background - black and white were the queen's favorite colors.