Sarah Rector--By the age of 10, she became the richest Black child in America. She received a land grant from the Creek Nation as part of reparations. Soon after, oil was discovered on her property. By 1912, the revenue from this oil was $371,000 per year (roughly $6.5 million today). Despite various attempts to steal her land and fortune, Sarah resisted. She went on to attend Tuskegee University and eventually settled in Kansas City, Missouri where her mansion still stands.
Frederick Douglas Patterson was the first black to manufacture cars, and known for the Greenfield-Patterson automobile of 1915, built in Ohio. A Republican, Patterson served as an annual delegate to the Ohio Republican Party caucus and campaigned for Warren G. Harding in 1920. For his work in the 1920 election, he was rewarded with a position as alternate delegate to the 1924 Republican National Convention.
Alexa Canady became the first African-American woman neurosurgeon in the United States in From 1987 to Canady was chief of neurosurgery at Children's Hospital of Michigan. In less than 10 percent of all medical students were women.