The Moche people developed an art form that includes some of the finest sculpture in the history of pottery. The range of designs makes these objects remarkable not only as art, but also as a record of the civilization from which they came. The extensive number of objects produced, suggests that the civilization was an extremely populous one, in which power and wealth were major goals.
Did you know there were observatories in Mayan times? This is El Caracol, or 'The Snail', which has windows and doors aligned to astronomical events. http://www.trafalgar.com/treasures-of-the-yucatan-2014