The Atlas of True Names by cartographers Stephan Hormes and Silke Peust maps the United States replacing place names with their literal meanings. For pretty much the complete opposite, see these maps of European stereotypes.
This map is a part of an atlas known as the Queen Mary Atlas. Queen Mary commissioned the atlas in 1558 from the Portuguese mapmaker Diego Homen. Mary died before the atlas was finished, and after her death, the atlas was presented to Queen Elizabeth I.