Benjy Frances Brooks was the first woman to become a pediatric surgeon in the state of Texas. In her work at Texas Children's Hospital and St. Joseph's Hospital in Houston, she conducted research on congenital defects, burn treatment, spleen reparation, and the prevention of hepatitis.
Dr. Helen Caldicott resigned from Harvard Medical School and Children's Hospital Medical Center in Boston so that she could devote herself to Physicians for Social Responsibility. As she said at the time, "Why am I treating these children when they might all be killed?" Since 1971 she has waged a vigorous international campaign to educate the public about the medical hazards of the nuclear age and the changes necessary to stop environmental destruction and nuclear war.
First African American female Air Force colonel buried
Photograph of a mother and a baby on a rainy day, supporting women's rights. During the Vicotrian Era, mothers or married women had very few job opportunities. Women did home-working or consisted of helping in a family-run business. Sweatshops also hired women. Sometimes women were involved in illegal work such as prostitution and kept their earning secret from their husband.
Dr. Frances Kathleen Oldham Kelsey. Despite enormous pressure, Dr. Kelsey refused to grant approval of Thalidomide for use in the USA while working at the FDA. Her refusal saved thousands of children from being born with deformaties. She also helped institute laws protecting patients during drug trials.
Because she had trained overseas, when Elizabeth Ofili, M.B.B.S., first came to the United States from Nigeria in 1982, she had to work especially hard to receive the proper recognition she deserved. Today, she is a professor of medicine, chief of cardiology, and director and principle investigator of the Clinical Research Center at Morehouse School of Medicine in Atlanta, Georgia.