HMS Hermes, seen here in 1925, was the first aircraft carrier to be specifically designed and built as such, and so merits her place in the history of seaborne aviation. The Japanese claim a similar distinction for their carrier Hosho, but Hosho was later than Hermes in design and construction. Hosho was actually commisioned first, however. HMS Heremes was eventually sunk by Japanese carrier planes off Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) on 9 April 1942.
The aircraft carrier HMS Formidable (R67) on fire after being struck by a Kamikaze off Sakishima Gunto. British aircraft carriers generally fared better than American ones on account of the former's armoured flight decks.