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Production Methods: By the mid-nineteenth century demand in Europe for Kashmir shawls was enormous and the demand could not be satisfied. Before 1850 one man would weave a shawl on a hand loom. After this date several men or boys would weave a small section of a shawl, which would be cut out and pieced together, a patchwork of small pieces, and sewn into a shawl by a shawl tailor or rafugar. An order worked in this way could be completed in one-and-a-half months instead of the two to three…

July 7, 1752: Jacquard’s Loom Will Weave a Durable Web

A weaver adjusts a Jacquard loom/Corbis. If you look at the top of the picture you'll see the holes that are punched in cards. Those are the patterns.