The short term effects of the Space Race greatly increased tensions between the US and USSR through new missile technologies and surveillance techniques, but the long term effects were actually beneficial. It sparked an increase on education spending and improved the maths and sciences. Also the technologies developed during the Space Race ended up being used for other purposes outside of military use.
Paolo Ferrero, the national secretary of Italy’s Communist Refoundation Party, said that the sacrifice of the Soviet people and the heroic resistance of Stalingrad were key factors in determining the defeat of the Nazis.
Appendix C: The Relationship between the Roman Church and National Socialism (2of2)