Each feather In a Sioux Chief’s long bonnet recognizes a valuable deed & service rendered to the Tribe. Among the plains Indians, a Brave was allowed to wear a bonnet as recognition of his battle accomplishments, frontline valor and hand to hand combat. A war bonnet was believed to protect the fighter. Each feather was awarded for an important act in battle.
The Scottsboro Boys were nine Black teenage boys (the youngest was 13 and the oldest was 19) accused of rape in Alabama in 1931. The landmark set of legal cases from this incident dealt with racism and the right to a fair trial. The case included a frameup, an all-White jury, rushed trials, an attempted lynching, an angry mob, and is an example of an overall miscarriage of justice.
William Grant Still was the first Black person to conduct a major American symphony orchestra, the first to have a symphony performed by a leading orchestra, the first to have an opera performed by a major opera company, and the first to have an opera performed on national television. He is often referred to as "the Dean" find his music: http://www.williamgrantstill.com/