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Esarhaddon Inscription. This basalt block describes the restoration of Babylon in 670 BC. by the Assyrian king Esarhaddon (681-669 BC). It is interesting that it was Nabopolassar of Babylon who later destroyed Assyria.

Cyrus Cylinder (c. 539 B.C.E.) -- an archaeological artifact that independently confirms a Biblical account told in the Book of Ezra. King Cyrus of Persia issued an edict that permitted the Jewish exiles in Babylonia (which Cyrus had just conquered) “ ‘to go up to Jerusalem in Judah, and rebuild the house of the Lord, the God of Israel,’ ” which the Babylonian troops had destroyed, and to return to their homes (Ezra 1:1–4).

Cylinder of Nebuchadnezzar II, southern Iraq, Neo- Babylonian dynasty, 604 - 562 BCE. The cuneiform text describes the three palaces which Nebuchadnezzar built for himself in Babylon. The first palace was a rebuilding of the palace used by his father Nabopolassar. When it did not seem grand enough, he built himself a new palace on the northern edge of Babylon. Later, Nebuchadnezzar erected new city walls around the east side of Babylon and built a third palace. Cylinders of this type were…

Plaque depicting a pair of bulls, with a crescent symbolizing the moon god Sin atop a mountain-like pedestal on their backs. Old Babylonian Period, first half of the 2nd millennium BCE . Israel Museum, Jerusalem – Hittites were one of the most important ancient civilizations of Asia Minor. They ruled the central Anatolian kingdom of Hatti from c. 1900 – 800 BC., and worshiped a number of gods and goddesses; they were described as the “civilization of 1,000 gods”. As the conquerors of many lands, the Hittites found it useful to …

A brick from the Tower of Babel, c. 604-562 BC. In Neo Babylonian, 7 lines in cuneiform script blindprinted into the wet clay, within a lined rectangle, prior to baking. Part of the inscription says: “Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon, Guardian of the Temples Esagila and Ezida, Firstborn Son of Nabopolassar, King of Babylon.”

The Bible tells us about the Tower of Babel. Located in Babylon. it is said to be dedicated to Marduk their name for God by Nabopolassar king. The Tower was built after the Great Flood. It is said that the sons of Noah stayed in the highlands of Armenia and then migrated to Shinar.The beginning of Nimrod's kingdom is said to have been Babel=Babylonia, Erech, Akkad, and Calneh lands in Shinar.

Gates of Ancient City of Nineveh, Now Mosul, the Third Capital of Assyria, Al Mawsil, Iraq

The Gates of Nineveh - capital of the Assyrian Empire and largest city of the world during the 7th Century BCE, it fell in 612 BCE during the Battle of Nineveh to the Babylonians and Chaldeans.

Brilliantly coloured glazed brick decoration, facade of the throne room, palace of Nebuchadrezzar II, Babylon, c. 600 bc. Photo: EB Inc. with permission of the Staatliche Museum zu Berlin