Pompeo Batoni (Italian, 1708–1787). Diana and Cupid, 1761. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Purchase, The Charles Engelhard Foundation, Robert Lehman Foundation Inc., Mrs. Haebler Frantz, April R. Axton, L. H. P. Klotz, and David Mortimer Gifts; and Gifts of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Wrightsman, George Blumenthal, and J. Pierpont Morgan, Bequests of Millie Bruhl Fredrick and Mary Clark Thompson, and Rogers Fund, by exchange, 1982 (1982.438)
Anton Raphael Mengs (1728–1779 Rome) at 48, 1776 Mengs became the most important painter in Dresden, Rome, and Madrid in the third quarter of the eighteenth century. Whereas Mengs's portraits of prominent sitters are notable for their delicacy, meticulous detail, and refined beauty, his self-portraits are essays in truthfulness. The discolored swelling on his forehead is a physical defect visible from about 1760.