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King Scorpion, 1st documented representation of a pharaoh: predynastic period, ca 3025 BC. He was found in the temple of Hierakonpolis. 'Scorpion King' is thought to be the oldest hieroglyph. Oxford Ashmolean Mus

Ramesses I, first king of Dynasty 19, was a military officer from the eastern Delta. He served as a general and vizier under Haremhab, last king of Dynasty 18, and was designated by him as his successor. Probably quite old when he became king, most of his monuments were finished by his son, Seti I.