Lieutenant-Colonel Vivian Bullwinkel, Mrs. Statham,AO, MBE, ARRC, ED, FNM (18 December 1915 – 3 July 2000) was an Australian Army nurse during theSecond World War. She was the sole survivor of theBangka Island Massacre, when the Japanese killed 21 of her fellow nurses on Radji Beach, Bangka Island (Indonesia) on 16 February 1942.
Australian nurses of the 2/4 Casuality Clearing Station evacuated on the Vyner Brooke. Only Sister Mavis Hannah (centre) survived the prisoner in Sumartra. Matron Irene Drummond (right) was killed in the massacre on Banka Island. Sister Dora Gardam (left) died 4 April 1945 as a prisoner of war. (AWM 120519)