“Bashi Bazouk and his Dog”. Painting by Jean-Léon Gérôme (1824-1904). Painted in 1865, in Egypt. In fact, this ‘başıbozuk’ (mercenary, or irregular soldier of the Ottoman army) is originating from Epirus or Albania and can be recognized by his half-long skirt-like garment (called ‘fustanella’ in Greece). These military were generally called ‘Arnavut’/’Arnaut’ (=Albanian) in the 19th century.