FBI historians like myself know that, since the 1970s, bureau directors try to maintain a discrete distance from the president. This tradition grew out of reforms that followed the often questionable behavior of former FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, who served from 1924 to 1972.
Remembering the Cuban Missile Crisis: Yet in October 1962, the Bulletin's Doomsday Clock remained unchanged: It stood at 7 minutes to midnight and the following year, in 1963, the clock's hands moved to 12 minutes to midnight, when the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty went into effect.
“Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!” – Words to Remember for this and every July 4
Police use dogs to quell civil unrest in Birmingham, Ala., in May 1963. Birmingham's police commissioner "Bull" Connor also allowed fire hoses to be turned on young civil rights demonstrators. These measures set off a backlash of sentiment that rejuvenated the flagging civil rights movement.
Between 1932 and 1952 Republicans lost five consecutive presidential races and controlled Congress for only two years. They were willing to stoop very low, indeed, if doing so would win votes. And while it didn’t work in every cycle, in the main, for Republicans and their Dixiecrat allies, anticommunist politics proved effective because it appealed to three critical blocs of voters: Midwestern Protestants, urban Catholics and Southern whites