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First oil wells in Europe are drilled 30- to 50-meters deep at Bóbrka, Poland by Ignacy Lukasiewicz.

Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz, commonly known as "Witkacy", was a Polish poet, playwright, novelist, painter, photographer and philosopher. After hearing the news of the Soviet invasion of Poland on 17 September 1939, Witkacy committed suicide on 18 September by taking a drug overdose and trying to slit his wrists. He convinced his young lover Czesława to attempt suicide with him by consuming Luminal, but she survived. Source: Wikipedia.

JAN SOBIESKI: The King Who Saved Europe by Miltiades Varvounis,

Tadeusz Kościuszko. Polish general. He led the 1794 Kościuszko Uprising against Imperial Russia and the Kingdom of Prussia as Supreme Commander of the Polish National Armed Force. A national hero of Poland, Lithuania, the United States and Belarus.

Kazimierz Pulaski (1747-1779) The commander of the Bar Confederacy and defender of Jasna Gora against the Russians. He commanded a cavalry brigade in George Washington's army during the American War of Independence. He died of wounds inflicted at the Battle of Savannah

Halina Poswiatowska- polish poet and writer. 1935-1967. She only lived 32 years, but she was one of the most important modern Polish authors.

Marian Rejewski was a Polish mathematician and cryptologist who in 1932 solved the plugboard-equipped Enigma machine, the main cipher device used by Germany. The success of Rejewski and his colleagues Jerzy Różycki and Henryk Zygalski jump-started British reading of Enigma in World War II; the intelligence so gained, code-named "Ultra", contributed, perhaps decisively, to the defeat of Nazi Germany.