First African American women to vote in Ettrick, Virginia, 1920 These women, left to right, are Eva Conner, Evie Carpenter, Odelle Green, Virginia Mary Branch, Anna Lindsay, Edna Colson, Edwina Wright, Johnella Frazer, and Nannie Nichols,
“Closeup of Mrs. Ruth Cruse outside her home in White Cloud, Kansas, near Troy in Doniphan County in the extreme Northeast corner of the state. She is a descendant of slaves from Missouri who were freed and settled in the area. Her grandmother's wedding dress is in the White Cloud Museum. The town was named for the last great chief of the Iowa Indian tribe, which was given land in the area by treaty in 1836.” Patricia D. Duncan, September 1974.
Barney Ford was born a slave in Virginia. At the age of twenty-fire, he escaped and began a successful career in a variety of entrepreneurial ventures.By 1860, he was living in Denver and became a prosperous tycoon in the hotel, restaurant, and barbershop businesses, earning the nickname the "Black Baron of Colorado." Throughout the Civil War, he gave financial assistance, food, and jobs to escaped and free African Americans.