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The Plays of Cratinus

Cratinus was a highly successful writer of Attic Old Comedy. Little is known about Cratinus' life, however from references by later writers we know that he lived to be around 100 years old.Cratinus was credited with nine victories: six first places at the City Dionysia and three first places at the Lenaia (Athenian religious festivals.) Cratinus was thought to have written around twenty-one plays, according to the Suda (a Byzantine encyclopedia). (Info by James Lloyd) --AHE

Ancient Greek Temples of the Mediterranean

Greek temples (naos – meaning dwelling place in reference to the belief that the god dwelt in that place, or at least temporarily visited during rituals) were places of formal worship. Each Greek community had its own sacred sites and temples which were looked after by priests. (Article by Jade Koekoe/Photo by Mark Cartwright)

The Delian League, Part 3: From the Thirty Years Peace to the Start of the Ten Years War (445/4–431/0 BCE)

The third phase of the Delian League begins with the Thirty Years Peace between Athens and Sparta and ends with the start of the Ten Years War (445/4 – 431/0 BCE). The First Peloponnesian War, which effectively ended after the Battle of Coronea, and the Second Sacred War forced both the Spartans and Athenians to realize a new dualism existed in Hellenic affairs; the Hellenes now had one hegemon on the mainland under Sparta and one in the Aegean under Athens. (By Christopher Planeaux) --AHE

The Delian League, Part 2: From Eurymedon to the Thirty Years Peace (465/4-445/4 BCE)

The second phase of the Delian League’s operations begins with the Hellenic victory over Mede forces at Eurymedon and ends with the Thirty Years Peace between Athens and Sparta (roughly 465/4 – 445/4 BCE).The Greek triumph at Eurymedon resulted in a cessation of hostilities against the Persians, which lasted almost six years. Whether or not this peace or truce followed from some formal treaty negotiated by Cimon, son of Miltiades, remains unknown. (By Christopher Planeaux) --AHE

Halicarnassus (modern Bodrum, Turkey) was an ancient Ionian Greek city of Caria, located on the Gulf of Cerameicus in Anatolia. According to tradition it was founded by Dorian Greeks of the Peloponnese. Halicarnassus has become linked with the birth of written history as it was the native city of Herodotus, `The Father of History' but, in its time, it was better known as one of the great urban trade centers of Asia Minor. (Info by Joshua J. Mark) -- AHE

The Delian League, Part 1: Origins Down to the Battle of Eurymedon (480/79-465/4 BCE)

The modern term Delian League refers to the primarily maritime συμμᾰχία or symmachy (offensive-defensive alliance) among various Greek poleis, which emerged after the second Mede invasion of the Hellenes (480-479 BCE), and dissolved when the Athenians surrendered to the Spartans at the end of the Peloponnesian War (404 BCE) – also called The Confederacy of Delos. (By Christopher Planeaux) --AHE

The Delian League, Part 6: The Decelean War and the Fall of Athens (413/2-404/3 BCE)

The sixth and last phase of the Delian League begins with the Decelean War, also referred to as the Ionian War, and ends with the surrender of Athens (413/2 – 404/3 BCE). The final nine years of the Delian League became the most chaotic for the alliance as a whole. It suffered repeating reversals in fortune, while actual control of the Delian League at times shifted between the polis of Athens and the Athenian fleet operating in the Aegean. (By Christopher Planeaux) --AHE

Hattusas ruins, Turkey Hattusas was the capital of the Hitite Empire in the east of central Anatolia near Çorum city and over 4.000 years old. The lyon is the sentinel of a city gate.

I brought home a beautiful doorknocker from Rhodes, Greece and think of this lovely place every time I come home.

Greek Coinage

The coinage of ancient Greece has given us some of the most recognisable images from antiquity as they were stamped with designs to proudly declare the identity of the city which minted them and guarantee their value. One of the great archaeological survivors, coins are an invaluable source of information on cultural practices, important individuals, and ancient international relations. (By Mark Cartwright) --AHE