Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development constitute an adaptation of a psychological theory originally conceived of by the Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget. The theory holds that moral reasoning, the basis for ethical behavior, has six identifiable developmental stages, each more adequate at responding to moral dilemmas than its predecessor.
Carl Rogers developed the Humanist Theory which states that humans are attempting to achieve "congruence." Meaning we have three parts of who we are: 1. Real Self (Self Esteem)- who we really arena what nature and nurture have contributed tour sense of self. 2. Self-Concept (Image)- who we think that we are including both our sense of our personality and outward appearance. 3. Ideal Self- who we ultimately want to grow to be.
"Rat Man" was the nickname given by Sigmund Freud to a patient whose 'case history' was published. The nickname derives from the fact that one of the patient's symptoms was an obsessive fantasy concerning two people close to him, in which a pot of rats was fastened to their buttocks to gnaw into the anus. Recent researchers have decided that the "Rat Man" was in fact Ernst Lanzer —though many other sources maintain that the man's name was Paul Lorenz.