Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Dafoe: Robinson Crusoe deals with mastery and morality. It addresses the ability of mankind to master his surroundings through hard work, and patience and faith, which eventually enable him to survive on an unknown island and able to cope with the difficult terrain, less-than-friendly natives and basically every wicked trial that comes his way.
Daniel Defoe, author of "Robinson Crusoe", died April 24, 1731. He survived the Great Plague of London, the Great Fire of London, the Great Storm, and the Monmouth Rebellion (he was on the losing side.) He died of "a lethargy" while staying in a boarding house just outside of London. He was probably hiding out from creditors.