The Rhine. Germany's River but not Germany's border. Ernst Moritz Arndt. This was written by Arndt following the Battle of the Nations in anticipation of a peace between Austria and France. His writings served nationalism to explain expansive politics against neighbouring countries. (Deutsche Historisches Museum)
Decree from 22 May 1815 on forming a representation of the people. Georg Jakob Decker. Berlin, 1815. With this edict the Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm III, held out the prospect of a constitution. But this promise had still not been kept by the time of the Revolution of 1848. Prussia first got a constitution in 1850. (Deutsche Historisches Museum)
Henry was not able to divorce his wife or his whole country could have been excommunicated. He tried to use “Papal dispensation”, which means he tried to use his title to convince the Pope. King Henry was stupid and failed. His frustration forced him to write an Act of Supremacy over the Roman Catholic Church, in 1533. He made the Church of England and successfully divorced his wife, Catherine. He immediately remarried to Anne Boleyn for another go at a son. Ironically, he once again failed.
Call for resistance to the Versailles Treaty. Germany 1919. Among leading officers like General Max Hoffman, plans were ripening for an eastern state, independent from the Reich, which was to be the launching point for the battle against Poland and the Versailles clauses (Deutsche Historisches Museum)
Germany in deepest humiliation. Johann Philipp Palm. Nürnberg 1806. The anonymous author exercised critique on Napoleon's expansionist politics and the incapacity of the Germans to take steps against him. Palm, his publisher, was sentenced to death for this by a French court. (Deutsche Historisches Museum)