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The al-Anfal Campaign, also known as the Kurdish Genocide, Operation Anfal or simply Anfal, was a genocidal campaign against the Kurdish people (and other non-Arab populations) in northern Iraq, led by the Ba'athist Iraqi President Saddam Hussein and headed by Ali Hassan al-Majid in the final stages of Iran–Iraq War. The campaign takes its name from Surat al-Anfal in the Qur'an.

The al-Anfal Campaign (Arabic: حملة الأنفال‎), also known as the Kurdish Genocide Sweden, Norway and the United Kingdom officially recognize the Anfal campaign as genocide.On December 5, 2012, Swedish parliament Riksdag adopted a resolution by the Green party to officially recognize Anfal as genocide. The resolution was passed by all 349 members of parliament.On February 28, 2013, British formally recognized the Anfal as genocide following a campaign led by Conservative MP Nadhim Zahawi.