On the day after Independence Day in 1852, Frederick Douglass delivered his famous speech, "What to the Slave is the Fourth of July?" in Rochester, New York. He used the occasion to remark on the irony of celebrating American freedom and independence in the midst of the continued enslavement of African Americans.
Explore the story of the abolitionist movement in America through our interactive map. Dozens of museums, institutions and PBS stations have partnered with American Experience to bring you archival images, documents and videos related to abolitionism.