Elizabeth of York (1466-1503) Her marriage to Henry Tudor, in 1486, unified the previously opposed families of York and Lancaster, creating a period of peace and prosperity. She was known for being gentle and kind to her subjects and to have enjoyed music and dancing. Their union produced seven children including Henry VIII. Henry VII deeply mourned the death of his wife following the birth of their last child Katherine in 1501.
The Poor Law Act, 1601, allowed parishes to levy a poor rate on householders, which could then be distributed to the needy of that parish by an appointed overseer. By the 18th century, neighbouring parishes were beginning to work together, some even sharing a building in which they could house their old, sick and orphaned poor, thus saving on individual payments for rent and food. The ‘workhouse test’ was introduced in 1723 allowing overseers to withhold