The Citadel of Salah Ed-Din (World Heritage Site by Unesco) is a castle in Syria. It is also known as Saône or Saladin Castle. It is located 7 km east of Al-Haffah town and 30 km east of the city of Latakia, in high mountainous terrain on a ridge between two deep ravines and surrounded by forest, the site has been fortified since at least the mid 10th century. In 975 the Byzantine Emperor John I Tzimiskes captured the site and it remained under Byzantine control until around 1108
NEAR ALEPPO, SYRIA -- Soils in Syria. Scenes of the Dead Cities, where ancient Byzantine ruins tell of prosperous communities that are now abandoned. Soil erosion ended the fertility of the area that supported a large population.