19th century portrait from New Zealand: For Maori peoples, Tā moko represents a person’s mana (status or power) in society. The Moko Kauae is a chin tattoo traditional reserved for Māori women with mana (high status and power). More at the link.
Māori Tā Moko face marking was a sacred practice among the indigenous tribes of New Zealand. Each moko design was unique to each individual, (no two designs were ever the same as they were never duplicated) and signified a young man’s transition from childhood to manhood. As well as representing rank and status these marks also had significant meaning to the wearer, symbolically connecting them to their ancestors and lineage.