"Glorious First of June, or Third Battle of Ushant between English and French", 1794, by Philip James de Loutherbourg (1740-1812), Detail, French Revolutionary Wars, France, 18th century / De Agostini Picture Library / G. Nimatallah / The Bridgeman Art Library
American Duchess:Historical Costuming: V147: Gowns a la Pompadour - 1740s - 1750s | Historical Costuming and sewing of Rococo 18th century clothing, 16th century through 20th century, by designer Lauren Reeser
With the outbreak of the revolution in 1789, people began to use fashion as a means of expressing one’s ideology. The revolutionaries regarded luxurious and extravagant silk as the enemy of the revolution, replacing breeches and white silk stockings - the symbol of aristocracy - with the long trousers worn by the lower classes, in an attempt to distance themselves from the previous era.
The 18th-century man almost always wore some sort of neck cloth, whether fashionably dressed or at labor.The cravat was one of many forms of neckwear. It was a narrow length of white linen that could be adorned on its ends with lace, fringe, or knots. It was worn wrapped about the throat and loosely tied in front.