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from Vox

40 maps that explain the Roman Empire

Italy before Roman conquest In its early years, the Romans shared Italy with several other peoples. The dominant power in the neighborhood of Rome was the Etruscans. We don't know very much about these people, in part because we haven't figured out how to read their distinctive language. But the evidence suggests that Rome was ruled by Etruscan kings until the Romans revolted and established a republic — an event that is traditionally dated to 509 BC.

Wealthy women could wear fine clothes and jewellery and the men weapons. Most families however had to make do with simpler things. This di...

Kings and Queens: The Story of Britain's Monarchs from Pre-Roman Times to Today by Richard Cavendish,

Matilda, Empress Matilda 7 April 1141– 1 November 1141 Title disputed - born 7 February 1102 Sutton Courtenay daughter of Henry I and Edith of Scotland - died 10 September 1167 Notre Dame du Pré in Rouen aged 65

Nottinghamshire's Hodsock Priory: People have lived at Hodsock for over 2000 years, with evidence from The Bronze Age, Roman, and Saxon farmers being discovered in the grounds. In 1086, Hodsock is listed in The Doomsday Book with Ulsi as the owner, pre the Norman Conquest. After this, Torald de Lisorlis owned the estate, and it passed to the Cressy family through marriage from the mid-12th Century, for over 200 years. They entertained three kings here: Henry II, John, and Edward I.

from V and A Collections


James II (ruled 1685-88), of the House of Stuart, was a staunch Roman Catholic whose religious views clashed with those of his parliament. Many in England and Scotland supported James' son-in-law, the Dutch Protestant Prince, William of Orange, who invaded England in 1688. James was defeated and lived out his life in exile in France.

1. The Basílica de San Isidoro de León is a church in León, Spain, located on the site of an ancient Roman temple. Its Christian roots can be traced back to the early 10th century when a monastery for Saint John the Baptist was erected on the grounds. - The original Church was built in the pre-Arab period over the ruins of a temple to the Roman god Mercury. In the 10th century, the kings of León established a community of Benedictine sisters on the site.