Ottoman mail and plate armor for horse and soldier, this type of armor became the standard equipment for the heavy cavalry under the Timurids (1370-1506), the Mongol successor empire which ruled from Samarkand, and under the Ottoman Turks. These cavalry, armed with bow, sword and sometimes lance, were the main component of all medieval Islamic armies. Royal Armouries in Leeds, England
Melceu-t Tabbahin (A Cook's Shelter), the first printed Ottoman cookery book featuring 235 recipes, written by Mehmet Kamil in 1844. Some examples of Western cuisine are to be found among the recipes, as well as new vegetables, such as tomatoes and potatoes, which entered the cuisine in late 18th century.