Red Cloud (1822-1909) was a war leader and a chief of the Oglala Lakota (Sioux). He led as a chief from 1868 to 1909. One of the most capable Native American opponents the United States Army faced, he led a successful campaign in 1866-1868 known as Red Cloud's War over control of the Powder River Country in northeastern Wyoming and southern Montana.
Kalispel Type The Kalispel live in northeastern Washington, in the valley of Clarks Fort of the Columbia River, from about the place where the Idaho boundary crosses the stream down to Box Canon. Though not addicted to war, the Kalispel are reckless fighters when aroused. In the buffalo plains there were frequent encounters with Blackfeet, Apsaroke, and Sioux. It was from the Flatheads that they acquired the custom of scalping.