Children in Theresienstadt - Established in 1941, Theresienstadt concentration camp, also referred to as Theresienstadt Ghetto, was established by the SS in the fortress and garrison city of Terezín, located in what is now the Czech Republic. Tens of thousands of children were held there for months or years, before being sent by rail transports to their deaths at Treblinka and Auschwitz extermination camps in occupied Poland, as well as to smaller camps elsewhere.
In September of 1940, Witold Pilecki (May 13, 1901 – May 25, 1948) was a Polish Resistance solider who wanted to know the truth about Auschwitz. He volunteered to infiltrate the nazi death camp, spending the next 2.5 years as a prisoner. On his escape, Pilecki smuggled details about the nazi methods of execution and interrogation and eventually authored the first WWII intelligence report on the concentration camp.
Hitler's Holocaust blueprint: A new book reveals how the Kaiser's Germany used concentration camps in Africa to advance their theories of racial supremacy
Children behind a barbed wire fence at the Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz, in southern Poland, where the role of former workers is still the subject of a probe by prosecutors investigating war crimes.
One in five young Germans has no idea that Auschwitz was a Nazi death camp, a poll released Wednesday showed, two days ahead of Holocaust memorial day. (AFP Photo/Janek Skarzynski) Italian Senate President Renato Schifani holds a white rose during the international Holocaust remembrance day in the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar, central Germany, Friday, Jan 27, 2012. More than 250,000 people were held captive in the camp between 1937 and 1945, and more than 50,000…
A lone flower tribute lays on a memorial stone in front of the crematorium during the international Holocaust remembrance day in the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar, central Germany, Friday, Jan 27, 2012. More than 250,000 people were held captive in the camp between 1937 and 1945, and more than 50,000 of them died during that time. January 27 1945 the Soviet army liberated the largest Nazi death camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau, Poland, where more than 1 million prisoners…
Oberscharführer Bruno Kittel supervised the liquidation of the Vilnius ghetto between 23 and 24 September 1943. The majority of the Jewish population were sent to the Vaivara concentration camp in Estonia, killed in the forest of Paneriai, or sent to the death camps in German-occupied Poland.