Photograph of a hooded inmate at the Eastern State Penitentiary in Pennsylvania which is considered the world’s first true “Penitentiary.” In order to encourage penitence – or true regret – in the hearts of criminals, inmates would spend their entire sentence in solitary confinement. On the rare occasion when an inmate left his cell, a hood was placed over his head to ensure his identity would remain anonymous. Ideally, no inmate would ever see the face of another inmate.
"Photographer Catherine Leroy - During the Vietnam War, she shot some of the most brutal photographs to come out of the country. Wounded by shrapnel while covering a US Marine unit in the DMZ, she was taken prisoner during the Tet Offensive by the North Vietnamese Army (NVA), and during her imprisonment, talked the NVA into being photographed. She left the war with post-traumatic stress but kept covering war zones from Northern Ireland, Somalia, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq and more."
Known by her detractors as "Mrs. Satan," Victoria Claflin Woodhull, born in 1838, married at age fifteen to an alcoholic and womanizer. She became the first woman to establish a brokerage firm on Wall Street and played an active role in the woman's suffrage movement. She became the first woman to run for President of the United States in 1872. Her name is largely lost in history. Few recognize her name and accomplishments.
Halle Tanner Dillon Johnson was a 24 year old widow raising a daughter when she decided to attend the Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania. She graduated with honors in 1891 and accepted a position as the resident physician at the Tuskegee Institute. Before she began her job, Halle needed to pass the Alabama Medical Board exam, an unusually difficult multi-day test. When she passed the exam, Halle became the first female physician of any race licensed by the state of Alabama.
An East German soldier helping a boy cross the newly formed ‘Berlin Wall,’ 1961. The boy was found on the opposite side of the wall from his family. Despite given orders by the East German government to let no one pass, the soldier helped the boy through the barbwire.
Maude Collins - Ohio's First (and possibly America's first) Female Sheriff in 1925. Maude was a capable sheriff. She was the first woman to ever deliver prisoners to the state penitentiary, a task she fulfilled fully armed in 1929. And her detective skills were considerable. On one case, she cleverly determined that a murderer had worn someone else's shoes to leave misleading footprints.